D03: Interactions between atmosphere and sea ice-ocean in the Arctic

The project will contribute to an improved understanding of the complex interactions between the atmosphere and sea ice-ocean in the Arctic climate system. Based on satellite data (SAR and infrared), we will study the spatio-temporal changes of the Arctic-wide lead distribution and linkages to sea-ice dynamics will be explored.  articularly, the relation between local changes in lead distribution and ice thickness on the one hand, and changes in ice drift and deformation on the other hand, will be  analyzed. This will help us to understand the causes of the observed accelerated ice drift speed, which is potentially forced by ice thinning and/or atmospheric circulation  changes. Coupled regional climate modeling will be applied to support the interpretation of the observational analysis. Similar to the work in phase II, where we  developed a spatially varying sea ice–atmosphere drag parameterization based on ICESat-2 satellite data, as a next step, we will aim to quantify the effects of an improved treatment of leads in models on long-term changes in ice thickness distribution and sea-ice dynamics to conclude about their potential relevance for the magnitude of Arctic amplification in models. Additionally, we will study how cyclones interact with the sea ice via dynamical and thermodynamical processes. In phase II  we studied for present-day cases based on reanalysis, coupled models, and satellite data how cyclones impact the sea-ice cover. We will extend these studies to future  climate conditions and compare them to presentday results. We will investigate how this impact depends on regional changes in cyclone intensity, ice concentration and  thickness. In addition, we will study extreme cyclone events under present and future climate conditions. Specifically, we will analyze so-called cyclone clusters, which  represent sequences of cyclones within a short time period, and their link to large-scale atmospheric circulation patterns, and we will identify cluster-sensitive regions in  the Arctic. We will compare their (cumulative) effects on the surface energy budget and sea ice with those by individual cyclones.


Intensified cyclone impacts, enhanced sea-ice dynamics, and thinner ice thickness contribute significantly to Arctic amplification.

Specifically we want to answer the following questions:

  • How are sea-ice dynamics affected by changing lead fraction and thinner sea ice?
  • How do cyclones impact the sea ice in present and future climate?
  • Does a clustering of cyclones amplify these sea-ice impacts?

We evaluate the contribution of cyclones, sea-ice dynamics and thickness changes to Arctic amplification to contribute to SQ1. Based on CMIP6 global coupled climate  simulations we estimate the impact of cyclones on the sea ice/ocean under climate change and thus on the future evolution of Arctic amplification (SQ3).

Achievements phase II

  • New Arctic-wide observational data sets of sea-ice roughness, and ridge spacing.
  • New estimates of sea-ice volume export trends.
  • Improved Arctic process descriptions, like surface drag and albedo, relevant for the thermodynamic and dynamic coupling of atmosphere and sea ice were  transferred to models.
  • New insights into cyclone impacts on sea ice / ocean in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean, driven by dynamic and thermodynamic mechanisms, were provided.

Achievements phase I

D03 achieved new data sets of sea-ice concentration (Lu et al., 2018), thickness, and snow depth on sea ice (Rostosky et al., 2018). Furthermore, the new coupled regional atmosphere-ice-ocean model HIRHAM-NAOSIM was upgraded with new model components, which include physical and numerical improvements and higher resolution, and a revised coupling (Dorn et al., 2018). Improved Arctic process descriptions (sea-ice drag and albedo) were implemented. An assessment of cyclone characteristics and the relation between atmospheric circulation anomalies (including intense storms) and sea ice was realised (Graham et al., 2019a; Semenov et al., 2019). Simulations with HIRHAM-NAOSIM have revealed a clear statistical relationship between summer sea-ice melt rate and atmospheric circulation (Rinke et al., 2019).

Role within (AC)³

Collabortion Matrix Phase III_D03


Dr. Gunnar Spreen

Principal Investigator

University of Bremen
Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP)
Otto-Hahn-Allee 1
28359 Bremen


++49 (0) 421 218 62190



Dr. Annette Rinke

Principal Investigator

Alfred-Wegener-Institute Helmholtz-Center for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
Telegrafenberg A45
14473 Potsdam


++49 (0) 331 58174 5202



Dr. Wolfgang Dorn

Senior Scientist

Alfred-Wegener-Insitute Helmhotz Center for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
Telegrafenberg A45
14473 Potsdam


++49 (0) 331 58174 5216



Prof. Dr. Klaus Dethloff

Corresponding Member

Alfred-Wegener-Institute Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
Telegrafenberg A43
14473 Potsdam


++49 (0) 331 288 2104



Lars Aue


Alfred-Wegener-Institute Helmholtz Center for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
Telegrafenberg A45
14473 Potsdam


++49 (0) 331 58174 5218



Alexander Mchedlishvili


University of Bremen
Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP)
Otto-Hahn-Allee 1
28359 Bremen


++49 (0) 421 218 62172



Former Members

Dr. Philip Rostosky

PhD (in phase I)

University of Bremen
Institute of Environmental Physics (IUP)
Otto-Hahn-Allee 1
28359 Bremen




Evgenii Salganik, Christian Katlein, Benjamin A. Lange, Ilkka Matero, Ruibo Lei, Allison A. Fong, Steven W. Fons, Dmitry Divine, Marc Oggier, Giulia Castellani, Deborah Bozzato, Emelia J. Chamberlain, Clara J. M. Hoppe, Oliver Müller, Jessie Gardner, Annette Rinke, Patric Simões Pereira, Adam Ulfsbo, Chris Marsay, Melinda A. Webster, Sönke Maus, Knut V. Høyland, Mats A. Granskog, 2023; Temporal evolution of under-ice meltwater layers and false bottoms and their impact on summer Arctic sea ice mass balance. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene; 11 (1): 00035. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2022.00035

E. Jäkel, S. Becker, T.R. Sperzel, H. Niehaus, G. Spreen, R. Tao, M. Nicolaus, W. Dorn, A. Rinke, J. Brauchle, M. Wendisch, 2023: Observations and modeling of areal surface albedo and surface types in the Arctic, EGUsphere [preprint], https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-1337.

Heukamp, F.O., L. Aue, Q. Wang, M. Ionita, T. Kanzow, C. Wekerle, A. Rinke, 2023: Cyclones Modulate the Control of the North Atlantic Oscillation on Transports into the Barents Sea, Commun Earth Environ 4, 324 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-023-00985-1

Aue, L., & Rinke, A., 2023. Cyclone impacts on sea ice concentration in the Atlantic Arctic ocean: Annual cycle and recent changes. Geophys. Res. Lett., 50, e2023GL104657. https://doi.org/10.1029/2023GL104657

Röntgen, L., 2023: Performance of a coupled Arctic climate model compared to MOSAiC observations and its sensitivity to a change in snow thermal conductivity, Techn. Univ. Berlin, Techn. Univ. Berlin, 37pp, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7693669

Foth, L.; Dorn, W.; Rinke, A.; Jäkel, E. & Niehaus, H., 2023: On the importance to consider the cloud dependence in parameterizing the albedo of snow on sea ice, EGUsphere, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-2023-634, [preprint]

Aue, L.; Röntgen, L.; Dorn, W.; Uotila, P.; Vihma, T.; Spreen, G. & Rinke, A., 2023: Impact of three intense winter cyclones on the sea ice cover in the Barents Sea: A case study with a coupled regional climate model, Front. Earth Sci., 11, https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2023.1112467

Wendisch, M.; Brückner, M.; Crewell, S.; Ehrlich, A.; Notholt, J.; Lüpkes, C.; Macke, A.; Burrows, J. P.; Rinke, A.; Quaas, J.; Maturilli, M.; Schemann, V.; Shupe, M. D.; Akansu, E. F.; Barrientos-Velasco, C.; Bärfuss, K.; Blechschmidt, A.-M.; Block, K.; Bougoudis, I.; Bozem, H.; Böckmann, C.; Bracher, A.; Bresson, H.; Bretschneider, L.; Buschmann, M.; Chechin, D. G.; Chylik, J.; Dahlke, S.; Deneke, H.; Dethloff, K.; Donth, T.; Dorn, W.; Dupuy, R.; Ebell, K.; Egerer, U.; Engelmann, R.; Eppers, O.; Gerdes, R.; Gierens, R.; Gorodetskaya, I. V.; Gottschalk, M.; Griesche, H.; Gryanik, V. M.; Handorf, D.; Harm-Altstädter, B.; Hartmann, J.; Hartmann, M.; Heinold, B.; Herber, A.; Herrmann, H.; Heygster, G.; Höschel, I.; Hofmann, Z.; Hölemann, J.; Hünerbein, A.; Jafariserajehlou, S.; Jäkel, E.; Jacobi, C.; Janout, M.; Jansen, F.; Jourdan, O.; Jurányi, Z.; Kalesse-Los, H.; Kanzow, T.; Käthner, R.; Kliesch, L. L.; Klingebiel, M.; Knudsen, E. M.; Kovács, T.; Körtke, W.; Krampe, D.; Kretzschmar, J.; Kreyling, D.; Kulla, B.; Kunkel, D.; Lampert, A.; Lauer, M.; Lelli, L.; von Lerber, A.; Linke, O.; Löhnert, U.; Lonardi, M.; Losa, S. N.; Losch, M.; Maahn, M.; Mech, M.; Mei, L.; Mertes, S.; Metzner, E.; Mewes, D.; Michaelis, J.; Mioche, G.; Moser, M.; Nakoudi, K.; Neggers, R.; Neuber, R.; Nomokonova, T.; Oelker, J.; Papakonstantinou-Presvelou, I.; Pätzold, F.; Pefanis, V.; Pohl, C.; van Pinxteren, M.; Radovan, A.; Rhein, M.; Rex, M.; Richter, A.; Risse, N.; Ritter, C.; Rostosky, P.; Rozanov, V. V.; Donoso, E. R.; Saavedra-Garfias, P.; Salzmann, M.; Schacht, J.; Schäfer, M.; Schneider, J.; Schnierstein, N.; Seifert, P.; Seo, S.; Siebert, H.; Soppa, M. A.; Spreen, G.; Stachlewska, I. S.; Stapf, J.; Stratmann, F.; Tegen, I.; Viceto, C.; Voigt, C.; Vountas, M.; Walbröl, A.; Walter, M.; Wehner, B.; Wex, H.; Willmes, S.; Zanatta, M. & Zeppenfeld, S., 2023: Atmospheric and Surface Processes, and Feedback Mechanisms Determining Arctic Amplification: A Review of First Results and Prospects of the (AC)³ Project, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., American Meteorological Society, 104, E208–E242, https://doi.org/10.1175/bams-d-21-0218.1

Mchedlishvili, A., Lüpkes, C., Petty, A., Tsamados, M., and Spreen, G., 2023: New estimates of pan-Arctic sea ice–atmosphere neutral drag coefficients from ICESat-2 elevation data, The Cryosphere, 17, 4103–4131, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-17-4103-2023.


Aue, L., Vihma, T., Uotila, P., & Rinke, A. (2022). New insights into cyclone impacts on sea ice in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean in winter. Geophys. Res. Lett., 49, e2022GL100051. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022GL100051

Shi, Q., Su, J., Spreen, G., & Yang, Q., 2022. An improved sea-ice velocity retrieval algorithm based on 89 GHz brightness temperature satellite data in the Fram Strait. Earth Space Sci., 9, e2021EA002170. https://doi.org/10.1029/2021EA002170

Dethloff, K., Maslowski, W., Hendricks, S., Lee, Y. J., Goessling, H. F., Krumpen, T., Haas, C., Handorf, D., Ricker, R., Bessonov, V., Cassano, J. J., Kinney, J. C., Osinski, R., Rex, M., Rinke, A., Sokolova, J., and Sommerfeld, A., 2022: Arctic sea ice anomalies during the MOSAiC winter 2019/20, The Cryosphere, 16, 981–1005, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-981-2022.

Mchedlishvili, A., Spreen, G., Melsheimer, C., and Huntemann, M., 2022: Weddell Sea polynya analysis using SMOS–SMAP apparent sea ice thickness retrieval, Cryosphere, 16, 471–487, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-16-471-2022.

Angelopoulos M, Damm E, Simões Pereira P, Abrahamsson K, Bauch D, Bowman J, Castellani G, Creamean J, Divine DV, Dumitrascu A, Fons SW, Granskog MA, Kolabutin N, Krumpen T, Marsay C,  Nicolaus M, Oggier M, Rinke A, Sachs T, Shimanchuk E, Stefels J, Stephens M, Ulfsbo A, Verdugo J, Wang L, Zhan L and Haas C, 2022, Deciphering the Properties of Different Arctic Ice Types During the Growth Phase of MOSAiC: Implications for Future Studies on Gas Pathways. Front. Earth Sci. 10:864523. doi: 10.3389/feart.2022.864523

Shupe, M.D., M. Rex, B. Blomquist, P.O.G. Persson, J. Schmale, T. Uttal, D. Althausen, H. Angot, S. Archer, L. Bariteau, I. Beck, J. Bilberry, S. Bussi, C. Buck, M. Boyer, Z. Brasseur, I.M. Brooks, R. Calmer, J. Cassano, V. Castro, D. Chu, D. Costa, C.J. Cox, J. Creamean, S. Crewell, S. Dahlke, E. Damm, G. de Boer, H. Deckelmann, K. Dethloff, M. Dütsch, K. Ebell, A. Ehrlich, J. Ellis, R. Engelmann, A.A. Fong, M.M. Frey, M.R. Gallagher, L. Ganzeveld, R. Gradinger, J. Graeser, V. Greenamyer, H. Griesche, S. Griffiths, J. Hamilton, G. Heinemann, D. Helmig, A. Herber, C. Heuzé, J. Hofer, T. Houchens, D. Howard, J. Inoue, H.-W. Jacobi, R. Jaiser, T. Jokinen, O. Jourdan, G. Jozef, W. King, A. Kirchgaessner, M. Klingebiel, M. Krassovski, T. Krumpen, A. Lampert, W. Landing, T. Laurila, D. Lawrence, B. Loose, M. Lonardi, C. Lüpkes, M. Maahn, A. Macke, W. Maslowski, C. Marsay, M. Maturilli, M. Mech, S. Morris, M. Moser, M. Nicolaus, P. Ortega, J. Osborn, F. Pätzold, D.K. Perovich, T. Petäjä, C. Pilz, R. Pirazzini, K. Posman, H. Powers, K.A. Pratt, A. Preußer, L. Quéléver, M. Radenz, B. Rabe, A. Rinke, T. Sachs, A. Schulz, H. Siebert, T. Silva, A. Solomon, A. Sommerfeld, G. Spreen, M. Stephens, A. Stohl, G. Svensson, J. Uin, J. Viegas, C. Voigt, P. von der Gathen, B. Wehner, J.M. Welker, M. Wendisch, M. Werner, Z. Xie, F. Yue, 2022: Overview of the MOSAiC expedition – Atmosphere.  Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 10 (1): 00060, https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2021.00060.

Rabe, B., Heuzé, C.,Regnery, J., Aksenov, Y., Allerholt, J., Athanase, M., Bai, Y., Bauch, D., Basque, C., Baumann, T. M. Chen, D., Cole, S. T., Craw, L., Davies, A., Damm, E., Dethloff, K., Divine, D. V. Doglioni, F., Ebert, F., Fang, Y.-C., Fer, I., Fong, A. A., Gradinger, R., Granskog, M. A., Graupner, R., Haas, C., He, H., He, Y., Hoppmann, M., Janout, M., Kadko, D., Kanzow, T., Karam, S., Kawaguchi, Y., Koenig, Z., Kong, B., Krishfield, R. A., Krumpen, T., Kuhlmey, D., Kuznetsov, I., Lan, M., Lei, R., Li, T., Torres-Valdés, S., Lin, L., Lin, L., Liu, H., Liu, N., Loose, B., Ma, X., MacKay, R., Mallet, M., Mallett, R. D. C., Maslowski, W., Mertens, C., Mohrholz, V., Muilwijk, M., Nicolaus, M., O’Brien, J. K., Perovich, D., Ren, J., Rex, M., Ribeiro, N., Rinke, A., Schaffer, J., Schuffenhauer, I., Schulz, K., Shupe, M. D., Shaw, W., Sokolov, V., Sommerfeld, A., Spreen, G., Stanton, T., Stephens, M., Su, J., Sukhikh, N., Sundfjord, A., Thomisch, K., Tippenhauer, S., Toole, J. M., Vredenborg, M., Walter, M., Wang, H., Wang, L., Wang, Y., Wendisch, M., Zhao, J., Zhou, M., Zhu, J., 2022: Overview of the MOSAiC expedition – Physical oceanography. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 10 (1): 00062, https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2021.00062.

Schneider, T., C. Lüpkes, W. Dorn, D. Chechin, D. Handorf, S. Khosravi, V.M. Gryanik, I. Makhotina, and A. Rinke, 2022: Sensitivity to changes in the surface-layer turbulence parameterization for stable conditions in winter: A case study with a regional model over the Arctic, Atm. Sci. Lett., 23, e1066, https://doi.org/10.1002/asl.1066


Zhou, L., Stroeve, J., Xu, S., Petty, A., Tilling, R., Winstrup, M., Rostosky, P., Lawrence, I. R., Liston, G. E., Ridout, A., Tsamados, M., and Nandan, V., 2021: Inter-comparison of snow depth over Arctic sea ice from reanalysis reconstructions and satellite retrieval, The Cryosphere, 15, 345–367, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-345-2021.

Nicolaus, M, Perovich, DK, Spreen, G, Granskog, MA, Albedyll, LV, Angelopoulos, M, Anhaus, P, Arndt, S, Belter, HJ, Bessonov, V, Birnbaum, G, Brauchle, J, Calmer, R, Cardellach, E, Cheng, B, Clemens-Sewall, D, Dadic, R, Damm, E, de Boer, G, Demir, O, Dethloff, K, Divine, DV, Fong, AA, Fons, S, Frey, MM, Fuchs, N, Gabarro´, C, Gerland, S, Goessling, HF, Gradinger, R, Haapala, J, Haas, C, Hamilton, J, Hannula, H-R, Hendricks, S, Herber, A, Heuze´ , C, Hoppmann, M, Høyland, KV, Huntemann, M, Hutchings, JK, Hwang, B, Itkin, P, Jacobi, H-W, Jaggi, M, Jutila, A, Kaleschke, L, Katlein, C, Kolabutin, N, Krampe, D, Kristensen, SS, Krumpen, T, Kurtz, N, Lampert, A, Lange, BA, Lei, R, Light, B, Linhardt, F, Liston, GE, Loose, B, Macfarlane, AR, Mahmud, M, Matero, IO, Maus, S, Morgenstern, A, Naderpour, R, Nandan,V, Niubom, A, Oggier, M, Oppelt, N, Pätzold, F, Perron, C, Petrovsky,T, Pirazzini, R, Polashenski, C, Rabe, B, Raphael, IA, Regnery, J, Rex, M, Ricker, R, Riemann-Campe, K, Rinke, A, Rohde, J, Salganik, E, Scharien, RK, Schiller, M, Schneebeli, M, Semmling, M, Shimanchuk, E, Shupe, MD, Smith, MM, Smolyanitsky,V, Sokolov,V, Stanton, T, Stroeve, J,Thielke, L,Timofeeva, A,Tonboe, RT,Tavri, A,Tsamados, M,Wagner, DN,Watkins, D,Webster, M,Wendisch, M. 2021. Overview of the MOSAiC expedition: Snow and sea ice. Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene 9(1). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2021.000046

Zhang, X., Fu, Y., Han, Z., J.E. Overland, A. Rinke, H. Tang, T. Vihma, and M.Y. Wang, 2021. Extreme Cold Events from East Asia to North America in Winter 2020/21: Comparisons, Causes, and Future Implications. Adv. Atmos. Sci. . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00376-021-1229-1

A. Rinke, J. J. Cassano, E. N. Cassano, R. Jaiser, D. Handorf, 2021; Meteorological conditions during the MOSAiC expedition: Normal or anomalous?. Elementa-Sci. Anthrop.  9 (1): 00023. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.2021.00023

Rösel, A., Farrell, S. L., Nandan, V., Richter-Menge, J., Spreen, G., Divine, D. V., Steer, A., Gallet, J.-C., and Gerland, S., 2021: Implications of surface flooding on airborne estimates of snow depth on sea ice, The Cryosphere, 15, 2819–2833, https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-15-2819-2021.

Inoue, J., Sato, K., Rinke, A., Cassano, J. J., Fettweis, X., Heinemann, G. et al., 2021: Clouds and radiation processes in regional climate models evaluated using observations over the ice‐free Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 126, e2020JD033904, doi:10.1029/2020JD033904


Yu, X., A. Rinke, W. Dorn, G. Spreen, C. Lüpkes, H. Sumata, and V. Gryanik, 2020: Evaluation of Arctic sea-ice drift and its dependency on near-surface wind and sea-ice concentration and thickness in the coupled regional climate model HIRHAM-NAOSIM, Cryosphere, 14, 1727–1746, doi:10.5194/tc-14-1727-2020.

Lu, J., 2020: Reducing Weather Influences on Sea Ice Concentration Retrieval Using Spaceborne 89 GHz Passive Microwave Observations, Dissertation, Universität Bremen, https://doi.org/10.26092/elib/389

Rostosky, P., 2020: Snow Depth on Arctic Sea Ice from Microwave Radiometers, Dissertation, Universität Bremen, https://doi.org/10.26092/elib/223

Spreen, G., L. de Steur, D. Divine, E. Hansen, S. Gerland, & R. Kwok, 2020: Arctic Sea Ice Volume Export through Fram Strait From 1992 to 2014. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 125, e2019JC016039. doi:10.1029/2019JC016039

Ludwig, V., G. Spreen, & L. T. Pedersen, 2020: Evaluation of a New Merged Sea-Ice Concentration Dataset at 1 km Resolution from Thermal Infrared and Passive Microwave Satellite Data in the Arctic. Remote Sens. , 12(19), 3183. doi:10.3390/rs12193183

Sedlar, J., Tjernström, M., Rinke, A., Orr, A., Cassano, J., Fettweis, X., et al., 2020. Confronting Arctic troposphere, clouds, and surface energy budget representations in regional climate models with observations. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 125. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD031783

Rostosky, P., Spreen, G., Gerland, S., Huntemann, M., & Mech, M., 2020. Modeling the microwave emission of snow on Arctic sea ice for estimating the uncertainty of satellite retrievals. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2019JC015465. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015465

Duarte, P., Sundfjord, A., Meyer, A., Hudson, S. R., Spreen, G., & Smedsrud, L. H., 2020. Warm Atlantic water explains observed sea ice melt rates north of Svalbard. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 125, e2019JC015662. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015662

Akperov, M., V. Semenov, I. Mokhov, W. Dorn, and A. Rinke, 2020: Impact of Atlantic water inflow on winter cyclone activity in the Barents Sea: Insights from coupled regional climate model simulations, Envir. Res. Lett., 15, 024009, https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/ab6399


Dethloff, K., Handorf, D., Jaiser, R. and Rinke, A., 2019, Kältere Winter durch abnehmendes arktisches Meereis. Phys. Unserer Zeit, 50: 290-297. doi:10.1002/piuz.201901547

Akperov, M., A. Rinke, and 21 coauthors, 2019: Future projections of cyclone activity in the Arctic for the 21st century from regional climate models (Arctic-CORDEX), Glob. Planet. Change182, 103005, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2019.103005

Dorn, W., A. Rinke, C. Köberle, K. Dethloff, and R. Gerdes, 2019: Evaluation of the sea-ice simulation in the upgraded version of the coupled regional atmosphere-ocean-sea ice model HIRHAM–NAOSIM 2.0, Atmosphere, 10, 431, doi:10.3390/atmos10080431

Vihma, T., R. Graversen, L. Chen, D. Handorf, N. Skific, J.A. Francis, N. Tyrrell, R. Hall, E. Hanna, P. Uotila, K. Dethloff, A.Y. Karpechko, H. Björnsson, J.E. Overland, 2019: Effects of the tropospheric large‐scale circulation on European winter temperatures during the period of amplified Arctic warming, accepted for publication in International Journal of Climatology, doi:10.1002/joc.6225

Jäkel, E.J. StapfM. WendischM. Nicolaus, W. Dorn, and A. Rinke, 2019: Validation of the sea ice surface albedo scheme of the regional climate model HIRHAM–NAOSIM using aircraft measurements during the ACLOUD/PASCAL campaigns, The Cryosphere13, 1695-1708, doi:10.5194/tc-13-1695-2019

Graham, R., P. Itkin , A. Meyer, A. Sundfjord, G. Spreen, L. H. Smedsrud, G. E. Liston, B. Cheng, L. Cohen, D. Divine, I. Fer, A. Fransson, S. Gerland, J. Haapala, S. R. Hudson, A. M. Johansson, J. King, I. Merkouriadi, A. K. Peterson, C. Provost, A. Randelhoff, A. Rinke, A. Rösel, N. Sennéchael, V. P. Walden, P. Duarte, P. Assmy, H. Steen, and M. A. Granskog, 2019: Winter storms accelerate the demise of sea ice in the Atlantic Sector of the Arctic Ocean, Scientific Reports 9, 9222, doi:10.1038/s41598-019-45574-5

Rinke, A., E. Knudsen, D. Mewes, W. Dorn, D. Handorf, K. Dethloff, J.C. Moore, 2019: Arctic summer sea-ice melt and related atmospheric conditions in coupled regional climate model simulations, J. Geophys. Res., 124doi:10.1029/2018JD030207

Graham, R., L. Cohen, N. Ritzhaupt, B. Segger, R. Graversen, A. Rinke, V.P. Walden, M.A. Granskog, S.R. Hudson, 2019: Evaluation of six atmospheric reanalyses over Arctic sea ice from winter to early spring, accepted for publication in J. Clim., 32 (14), 4121-4143, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0643.1

Dorn, W., A. Rinke, C. Köberle, K. Dethloff, and R. Gerdes, 2019: Evaluation of the sea-ice simulation in the upgraded version of the coupled regional atmosphere-ocean-sea ice model HIRHAM–NAOSIM 2.0, Atmosphere, 10, 431, doi:10.3390/atmos10080431.

Wendisch, M., A. Macke, A. Ehrlich, C. Lüpkes, M. Mech, D. Chechin, K. Dethloff, C. Barrientos, H. Bozem, M. Brückner, H.-C. Clemen, S. Crewell, T. Donth, R. Dupuy, C. Dusny, K. Ebell, U. Egerer, R. Engelmann, C. Engler, O. Eppers, M. Gehrmann, X. Gong, M. Gottschalk, C. Gourbeyre, H. Griesche, J. Hartmann, M. Hartmann, B. HeinoldA. Herber, H. Herrmann, G. Heygster, P. Hoor, S. Jafariserajehlou, E. Jäkel, E. Järvinen, O. Jourdan, U. Kästner, S. Kecorius, E.M. Knudsen, F. Köllner, J. Kretzschmar, L. Lelli, D. Leroy, M. Maturilli, L. Mei, S. Mertes, G. Mioche, R. Neuber, M. Nicolaus, T. Nomokonova, J. Notholt, M. Palm, M. van Pinxteren, J. Quaas, P. Richter, E. Ruiz-Donoso, M. Schäfer, K. Schmieder, M. Schnaiter, J. Schneider, A. Schwarzenböck, P. Seifert, M.D. Shupe, H. Siebert, G. Spreen, J. Stapf, F. Stratmann, T. Vogl, A. Welti, H. Wex, A. Wiedensohler, M. Zanatta, S. Zeppenfeld, 2019: The Arctic Cloud Puzzle: Using ACLOUD/PASCAL Multi-Platform Observations to Unravel the Role of Clouds and Aerosol Particles in Arctic Amplification, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 100 (5), 841–871, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0072.1

Semenov, A., X. Zhang, A. Rinke, W. Dorn, K. Dethloff, 2019: Arctic intense summer storms and their impacts on sea ice – a regional climate modeling study, Atmosphere, 10, 218, doi:10.3390/atmos10040218

Pațilea, C., G. Heygster, M. Huntemann, and G. Spreen, 2019: Combined SMAP/SMOS Thin Sea Ice Thickness Retrieval. The Cryosphere13, 675-691, doi:10.5194/tc-13-675-2019

Fritzner, S., R. Graversen, P. Rostosky, and K. Wang, 2019: Impact of assimilating sea ice concentration, sea ice thickness and snow depth in a coupled ocean-sea ice modeling system. The Cryosphere, 13, 491-509, doi:10.5194/tc-13-491-2019

Dethloff, K., D. Handorf, R. Jaiser, A. Rinke, P. Klinghammer, 2019: Dynamical mechanisms of Arctic amplification, Annals of New York Academy of Sciences, 1436, doi:10.1111/nyas.13698


Knudsen, E.M., B. Heinold, S. Dahlke, H. Bozem, S. Crewell, I. V. Gorodetskaya, G. Heygster, D. Kunkel, M. MaturilliM. Mech, C. Viceto, A. Rinke, H. Schmithüsen, A. Ehrlich, A. Macke, C. Lüpkes, M. Wendisch, 2018: Meteorological conditions during the ACLOUD/PASCAL field campaign near Svalbard in early summer 2017, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 18, 17995-18022, doi:10.5194/acp-18-17995-2018

Dethloff, K., A. Rinke, D. Handorf, R. Jaiser, W. Dorn, A. Sommerfeld, 2018: Regionale und globale Wechselwirkung zwischen arktischem Meereis und der atmosphärischen Zirkulation, promet, 102, 14-20

Zhou, X., H. Matthes, A. Rinke, B. Huang, K. Yang, and K. Dethloff, 2019: Simulating Arctic 2-m air temperature and its linear trends using the HIRHAM5 regional climate model, Atmospheric Research, 217, 137-149, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2018.10.022

Eberhard, J., 2018: Internal variability of a coupled Arctic regional climate model, Bachelor Thesis, University of Potsdam

Rinke, A., D. Handorf, W. Dorn, K. Dethloff, J.C. Moore, X. Zhang, 2018: Atmospheric feedbacks on Arctic summer sea-ice anomalies in ensemble simulations of a coupled regional climate model, Advances in Polar Science, 29(3), doi:10.13679/j.advps.2018.3.00156

Rostosky, R.G. Spreen, S.L. Farrell, T. Frost, G. Heygster, and C. Melsheimer, 2018: Snow Depth Retrieval on Arctic Sea Ice From Passive Microwave Radiometers—Improvements and Extensions to Multiyear Ice Using Lower Frequencies, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123, 7120–7138, doi:10.1029/2018JC014028

Sato, K., J. Inoue, A. Yamazaki, J.-H. Kim, A. Makshtas, V. Kustov, M. Maturilli, and K. Dethloff , 2018: Impact on predictability of tropical and mid-latitude cyclones by extra Arctic observations, Nature Scientific Reports, 8, 12104, doi:10.1038/s41598-018-30594-4

Lu, J., G. Heygster, and G. Spreen, 2018: Atmospheric Correction of Sea Ice Concentration Retrieval for 89 GHz AMR-E Observations, IEEE JSTARS,  11(5), 1442–1457, 10.1109/JSTARS.2018.2805193

M. Zahn, M. Akperov, A. Rinke, F. Feser, I.I. Mokhov, 2018: Trends of cyclone characteristics in the Arctic and their patterns from different re-analysis data, J. Geophys. Res., 123, 2737-2751, doi:10.1002/2017JD027439

Akperov, A. Rinke, and the Arctic Cordex Team, 2018: Cyclone activity in the Arctic from an ensemble of regional climate models (Arctic CORDEX), J. Geophys. Res., 123, 2537-2554, doi:10.1002/2017JD027703

Itkin, P., G. Spreen, S.M. Hvidegaard, H. Skourup, J. Wilkinson, S. Gerland, and M.A. Granskog, 2018: Contribution of deformation to sea-ice mass balance: a case study from an N-ICE2015 storm, Geophys. Res. Lett.45, 789-796, doi:10.1002/2017GL076056

Rinke, A., M. Maturilli, R.M. Graham, H. Matthes, D. Handorf, L. Cohen, S.R. Hudson, and J.C. Moore, 2017: Extreme cyclone events in the Arctic: Wintertime variability and trends, Envir. Res. Lett., 12, 094006, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/aa7def

Graham, R. M., L. Cohen, A. A. Petty, L. N. Boisvert, A. Rinke, S. R. Hudson, M. Nicolaus, and M. A. Granskog, 2017: Increasing frequency and duration of Arctic winter warming events, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, 6974–6983, doi:10.1002/2017GL073395

Wendisch, M., M. Brückner, J. P. Burrows, S. Crewell, K. Dethloff, K. Ebell, Ch. Lüpkes, A. Macke, J. Notholt, J. Quaas, A. Rinke, and I. Tegen, 2017: Understanding causes and effects of rapid warming in the Arctic. Eos, 98, doi:10.1029/2017EO064803

Graham, R.M., A. Rinke, L. Cohen, S.R. Hudson, V.P. Walden, M.A. Granskog, W. Dorn, M. Kayser, M. Maturilli, 2017: A comparison of the two Arctic atmospheric winter states observed during N‐ICE2015 and SHEBA,  J. Geophys. Res. Atm., 122, 5716-5737, doi:10.1002/2016JD025475

Project Poster

 Phase III Evaluation poster 2023


 Phase II Evaluation poster 2019


 Phase I Evaluation poster 2015