Previous Publications

Peer-reviewed articles by (AC)³ scientists published before (AC)³ started (i.e. before January 1st, 2016) that are relevant to (AC)³ are listed below.


Wegmann, M., Orsolini, Y., V´azquez, M., Gimeno, L., Nieto, R., Bulygina, O., Jaiser, R., Handorf, D., Rinke, A., Dethloff, K., Sterin, A., and Brönnimann, S.: Arctic moisture source for Eurasian snow cover variations in autumn, Environ. Res. Lett., 10, 054015, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/5/054015, 2015.

Maahn, M., Löhnert, U., Kollias, P., Jackson, R., and McFarquhar, G.: Developing and Evaluating Ice Cloud Parameterizations for Forward Modelling of Radar Moments Using In Situ Aircraft Observations, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 32, 880–903, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-14-00112.1, 2015.

Maturilli, M., Herber, A., and König-Langlo, G.: Surface radiation climatology for Ny–Ålesund, Svalbard (78.9◦N): basic observations for trend detection, Theor. Appl. Climatol., 120, 331–339, doi:10.1007/s00704-014-1173-4, 2015.

Gorodetskaya, I.V., Kneifel, S., Maahn, M., Van Tricht, K., Schween, J. H., Crewell, S., and Van Lipzig, N. P. M.: Cloud and precipitation properties from ground–based remote sensing instruments in East Antarctica, Cryosphere, 9, 285–304, doi:10.5194/tc-9-285-2015, 2015.


Tetzlaff, A., Lüpkes, C., and Hartmann, J.: Aircraft–based observations of atmospheric boundary–layer modification over Arctic leads, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., doi: 10.1002/qj.2568, 2015.


Zhou, X., Matthes, H., Rinke, A., Klehmet, K., Heim, B., Dorn, W., Klaus, D., Dethloff, K., and Rockel, B.: Evaluation of Arctic land snow cover characteristics, surface albedo, and temperature during the transition seasons from regional climate model simulations and satellite data, Adv. Meteorol., doi:10.1155/2014/604157, 2014.

Maahn M., Burgard, C., Crewell, S., Gorodetskaya, I. V., Kneifel, S., Lhermitte, S., Van Tricht, K., van Lipzig, N. P. M.: How does the spaceborne radar blind zone affect derived surface snowfall statistics in polar regions?, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 13604–13620, doi:10.1002/2014JD022079, 2014.

Mahieu, M, Chipperfield, M. P., Notholt, J., Reddmann, T., Anderson, J., Bernath, P. F., Blumenstock, T.,  Coffey, M. T., Dhomse, S. S., Feng, W., Franco, B., Froidevaux, L., Griffith, D. W. T., Hannigan, J. W., Hase, F., Hossaini, R., Jones, N. B., Morino, I., Murata, I., Nakajima, H., Palm, M., Paton-Walsh, C., Russell III, J. M., Schneider, M., Servais, C., Smale, D., and Walker, K. A.: Recent Northern Hemisphere stratospheric HCl increase due to atmospheric circulation changes, Nature, 515, 104–107, DOI: 10.1038/nature13857, 2014.

Cherian, R., Quaas, J., Salzmann, M., and Wild, M.: Pollution trends over Europe constrain global aerosol forcing, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 2176–2181, doi:10.1002/2013GL058715, 2014.

Cherkasheva, A., Bracher, A., Melsheimer, C., Köberle, C., Gerdes, R., Nöthig, E.-M., Bauerfeind, E., and Boetius, A.: Influence of the physical environment on phytoplankton blooms, a case study in the Fram Strait, J. Marine Systems 132, 196-207, doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2013.11.008, 2014.

Castro-Morales, K., Kauker, F., Losch, M., Hendricks, S., Riemann-Campe, K., and Gerdes, R.: Sensitivity to simulated Arctic sea ice and snow parameterizations, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 559–71. doi:10.1002/2013 JC009342, 2014.

Henning, S., Dieckmann, K., Ignatius, K., Schäfer, M., Zedler, P., Harris, E., Sinha, B., van Pinxteren, D., Mertes, S., Birmili, W., Merkel, M., Wu, Z., Wiedensohler, A., Wex, H., Herrmann, H., Stratmann, F.: Influence of cloud processing on CCN activation behavior in the Thuringian Forest, Germany during HCCT–2010, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 7859–7868, doi:10.5194/acp-14-7859-2014, 2014.

Augustin–Bauditz, S., Wex, H., Kanter, S., Ebert, M., Niedermeier, D., Stolz, F., Prager, A., and Stratmann, F.: The immersion mode ice nucleation behavior of mineral dusts: A comparison of different pure and surface modified dusts, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 7375–7382, doi:10.1002/2014GL061317, 2014.

Mech, M., Orlandi, E., Crewell, S., Ament, F., Hirsch, L., Hagen, M., Peters, G., and Stevens, B.: HAMP – the microwave package on the High Altitude and LOng range research aircraft (HALO), Atmos. Meas. Tech., 7, 4539–4553, doi:10.5194/amt-7-4539-2014, 2014.

Lelli, L., Kokhanovsky, A. A., Rozanov, V. V., Vountas, M., and Burrows, J. P.: Linear trends in cloud top height from passive observations in the oxygen A–band, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 5679–5692, doi:10.5194/acp-14-5679-2014, 2014.

Werner, F., Ditas, F., Siebert, H., Simmel, M., Wehner, B., Pilewskie, P., Schmeissner, T., Shaw, R. A., Hartmann, S., Wex, H., Roberts, G. C. and Wendisch, M.: Twomey effect observed from collocated microphysical and remote sensing measurements over shallow cumulus, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 1534–1545, doi:10.1002/2013JD020131, 2014.

Bumke, K., Schlundt, M., Kalisch, J., Macke, A. and Kleta, H.: Measured and parameterized energy fluxes for Atlantic transects of RV Polarstern, J. Phys. Ocean., 44, 482-491, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-13-0152.1, 2014 .


Rinke, A., Dethloff, K., Dorn, W., Handorf, D., and Moore, J.: Atmospheric feedback to sea ice anomalies in a regional Arctic climate system model, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 7698–7714, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50584, 2013.

Shao, Y., Liu, S., Schween, J. H., and Crewell, S.: Large–eddy atmosphere–land–surface modelling over heterogeneous surfaces: Model development and comparison with measurements, Bound.–Lay. Meteor., 148, 333–356. doi:10.1007/s10546-013-9823-0, 2013.

Ebell, K., Orlandi, E., Hünerbein, A., Löhnert, U., and Crewell, S.: Combining ground and satellite based measurements in the atmospheric state retrieval: Assessment of the information content, J. Geophys. Res. 18, 6940–6956,doi: 10.1002/jgrd.50548, 2013.

Neggers, R. A. J., and Siebesma, A. P.: Constraining a system of interacting parameterizations through multiple–parameter evaluation: Tracing a compensating error between cloud vertical structure and cloud overlap. J. Climate, 26, 6698–6715. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00779.1, 2013.

Klocke, D., Quaas, J., and Stevens, B.: Assessment of different metrics for physical climate feedback, Clim. Dyn., doi:10.1007/s00382-013-1757-1, 2013.

Kwok, R., Spreen, G., and Pang, S.: Arctic sea ice circulation and drift speed: Decadal trends and ocean currents, J. Geophys. Res., 118(5), 2408–2425, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20191, 2013.

Jäkel, E., Wendisch, M., and Mayer, B.: Influence of spatial heterogeneity of local surface albedo on the areaaveraged surface albedo retrieved from airborne irradiance measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech. 6, 527-537, doi:10.5194/amt-6-527-2013, 2013.

Rinke, A., Dethloff, K., Dorn, W., Handorf, D., and Moore, J.C.: Simulated Arctic atmospheric feedbacks associated with late summer sea ice anomalies, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 7698–7714, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50584, 2013.

van Pinxteren, M., and Herrmann, H.: Glyoxal and methylglyoxal in Atlantic seawater and marine aerosol particles: method development and first application during the RV Polarstern cruise ANT–XXVII/4, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13(23), 11791–11802, doi: 10.5194/acp–13–11791–2013, 2013.

Mei, L., Yong Xue, de Leeuw, G., von Hoyningen-Huene, W., Kokhanovsky, A. A, Istomina, L., Jie Guang, Burrows, J. P.: Aerosol optical depth retrieval in the Arctic region using MODIS data over snow, Remote Sens. Environ., 128, 234–245, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2012.10.009, 2013a.

Schlundt, C., Kokhanovsky, A.A., Rozanov, V.V., and Burrows, J. P.: Determination of cloud optical thickness over snow using satellite measurements in the oxygen A–band, Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett., doi:10.1109/LGRS.2012.2234720, 2013.

Lüpkes, C., Gryanik, V.M., Rösel, A., Birnbaum, G., and Kaleschke, L.: Effect of sea ice morphology during Arcticsummer on atmospheric drag coefficients used in climate models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 446-451, doi:10.1002/grl.50081, 2013.

Bierwirth, E., Ehrlich, A., Wendisch M., Gayet, J.-F., Gourbeyre, C., Dupuy, R., Herber, A., Neuber, R. and Lampert, A.: Optical thickness and effective radius of Arctic boundary–layer clouds retrieved from airborne nadir and imaging spectrometry. Atmos. Meas. Tech., 6, 1189-1200, doi: 10.5194/amt-6-1189-2013, 2013.

Wendisch M., Yang, P., and Ehrlich, A.: Amplified climate changes in the Arctic: Role of clouds and atmospheric radiation. Sitzungsberichte der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig. Mathematisch–Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, 132 (3), 1-34, S. Hirzel Verlag, Stuttgart/Leipzig, ISBN: 978-3-7776-2386-3, 2013.

Werner, F., Siebert, H., Pilewskie, P., Schmeissner, T., Shaw, R. A. and Wendisch, M.: New airborne retrieval approach for trade wind cumulus properties under overlying cirrus, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 1–16, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50334, 2013.

Siebert, H., Beals, M., Bethke, J., Bierwirth, E., Conrath, T., Dieckmann, K., Ditas, F., Ehrlich, A., Farrell, D.,Hartmann, S., Izaguirre, M. A., Katzwinkel, J., Nuijens, L., Roberts, G., Schäfer, M., Shaw, R. A., Schmeissner,T., Serikov, I., Stevens, B., Stratmann, F., Wehner, B., Wendisch, M., Werner, F. and Wex, H.: The fine–scale structure of the trade wind cumuli over Barbados – an introduction to the CARRIBA project. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10061–10077, doi:10.5194/acp-13-10061-2013, 2013.

Kanitz, T., Ansmann, A., Seifert, P., Engelmann, R., Kalisch, J. and Althausen, D.: Radiative effect of aerosols above the northern and southern Atlantic Ocean as determined from shipborne lidar observations, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 12,556-12,565, doi:10.1002/2013JD019750, 2013.


Xie, X., Löhnert, U., Kneifel, S., and Crewell, S.: Snow particle orientation observed by ground–based microwave radiometry, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D02206, 12 pp., doi:10.1029/2011JD016369, 2012.

Klaus, D., Dorn, W., Dethloff, K., Rinke, A., and Mielke, M.: Evaluation of two cloud parameterizations and their possible adaptation to Arctic climate condition, Atmos., 3, 419–450, doi:10.3390/atmos3030419, 2012.

Quaas, J.: Evaluating the ”critical relative humidity” as a measure of subgrid–scale variability of humidity in general circulation model cloud cover parameterizations using satellite data, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D09208, doi:10.1029/2012JD 017495, 2012.

Neggers, R. A. J., Siebesma, A. P., and Heus, T.: Continuous single–column model evaluation at a permanent meteorological supersite. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 93, 1389–1400, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00162.1, 2012.

Jaiser, R., Dethloff, K., Handorf, D., Rinke, A. and Cohen, J.: Impact of sea ice cover changes on the Northern Hemisphere atmospheric winter circulation, Tellus, 64, doi:10.3402/tellusa.v64i0.11595, 2012.

Dorn, W., Dethloff, K., and Rinke, A.: Limitations of a coupled regional climate model in the reproduction of the observed Arctic sea ice retreat, Cryosph., 6, 985–998, doi:10.5194/tc-6-985-2012, 2012.

Zygmuntowska, M., Mauritsen, T., Quaas, J., and Kaleschke, L.: Arctic clouds and surface radiation – a critical comparison of satellite retrievals and the ERA–INTERIM reanalysis, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 6667–6677, doi:10.5194/acp-12-6667-2012, 2012.

Blessmann, D., Wohltmann, I., and Rex, M.: Influence of transport and mixing in fall on stratospheric ozone variability over the Arctic in early winter, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 7921–7930, doi:10.5194/acp-12-7921-2012, 2012b.

Blessmann, D., Wohltmann, I., Lehmann, R., and Rex, M.: Persistence of ozone anomalies in the Arctic stratospheric vortex in autumn, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12 (11), 4817–4823, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4817-2012, 2012a.

Nghiem, S. V., Rigor, I. G., Richter, A., Burrows, J. P., Shepson, P. B., Bottenheim, J., Barber, D. G., Steffen, A., Latonas, J., Wang, J., Stern, G., Clemente-Col´on, P., Martin, S., Hall, D. K., Kaleschke, L., Tackett, P., Neumann, G., Asplin, M. G.: Field and satellite observations of the formation and distribution of Arctic atmospheric bromine above a rejuvenated sea ice cover, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D00S05, doi:10.1029/2011JD016268, 2012.

Heygster, G., Alexandrov, V., Dybkjær, G., Girard-Ardhuin, F., von Hoyningen-Huene, W., Katsev, I. L., Kokhanovsky, A., Lavergne, T., Malinka, A. V., Melsheimer, C., Toudal Pedersen, L., Prikhach, A. S., Saldo, R.,Tonboe, R., Wiebe, H., Zege, E. P.: Remote sensing of sea ice: advances during the DAMOCLES project. The Cryosphere, 6, 1411-1434, doi:10.5194/tc-6-1411-2012, 2012.

Lampert, A., Maturilli, M., Ritter, C., Hoffmann, A., Stock, M., Herber, A., Birnbaum, G. , Neuber, R., Dethloff, K., Orgis, T., Stone, R. S., Brauner, R., Kässbohrer, J., Haas, C., Makshtas, A. , Sokolov, V. and Liu, P.: The Spring–Time Boundary Layer in the Central Arctic Observed during PAMARCMiP 2009, Atmosphere, 3 (3), pp. 320–351, doi:10.3390/atmos3030320, 2012.

van Pinxteren, M., Müller, C., Iinuma, Y., Stolle, C., Herrmann, H.: Chemical Characterization of Dissolved Organic Compounds from Coastal Sea Surface Micro layers (Baltic Sea, Germany), Environ. Sci. Technol., 46, 10455–10462, doi:10.1021/es204492b, 2012.

Lelli, L., Kokhanovsky, A. A., Rozanov, V. V., Vountas, M., Sayer, A. M., and Burrows, J. P.: Seven years of global retrieval of cloud properties using space–borne data of GOME, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 1551–1570, doi:10.5194/amt-5-1551-2012, 2012.

Lüpkes, C., Gryanik, V. M., Hartmann, J., Andreas, E. L.: A parameterization, based on sea ice morphology, of the neutral atmospheric drag coefficients for weather prediction and climate models, J. Geophys. Res., 117 (D013112), doi: 10.1029/2012JD017630, 2012a.

Ehrlich, A., Bierwirth, E., Wendisch M., Herber, A., and Gayet, J.-F.: Airborne hyperspectral observations of surface and cloud directional reflectivity using a commercial digital camera, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3493-3510, doi:10.5194/acp-12-3493-2012, 2012.

Hanschmann, T., Deneke, H., Roebeling, R., and Macke, A.: Evaluation of the shortwave cloud radiative effect over the ocean by use of ship and satellite observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 12243-12253, doi:10.5194/acp-12-12243-2012, 2012.


Reitter, S., Fröhlich, K., Seifert, A., Crewell, S., and Mech, M.: Evaluation of ice and snow content in the global numerical weather prediction model GME with CloudSat, Geosci. Model Dev., 4, 579-589, doi:10.5194/gmd-4-579-2011, 2011.

Löhnert, U., Kneifel, S., Battaglia, A., Hagen, M., Hirsch, L., and Crewell, S.: A multi–sensor approach towards a better understanding of snowfall microphysics: The TOSCA project, Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 92, 613–628, DOI: 10.1175/2010BAMS2909.1, 2011.

Hoffmann, A., Osterloh, L., Stone, R., Lampert, A., Ritter, C., Stock, M., Tuneved, P., Hennig, T., Böckmann, C., Li, S. M., Eleftheriadis, K., Maturilli, M., Orgis, T., Herber, A., Neuber, R., and Dethloff, K.: Remote sensing and in–situ measurements of tropospheric aerosol, a PAMARCMiP case study, Atmos. Environ., 52, 56–66, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.11.027, 2011.

Ebell, K., Crewell, S., Löhnert, U., Turner, D., and O’Connor, E.: Cloud statistics and cloud radiative effect for a low–mountain site, Q. J. Roy. Meteorol. Soc. 137, 306–324, doi:10.1002/qj.748, 2011.

Spreen, G., Kwok, R., and Menemenlis, D.: Trends in Arctic sea ice drift and role of wind forcing: 1992–2009, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38(19), L19501, doi:10.1029/2011GL048970, 2011.

Heinold, B., Tegen, I., Bauer, S., and Wendisch, M.: Regional modelling of Saharan dust and biomass–burning smoke Part 2: Direct radiative forcing and atmospheric dynamic response, Tellus B, 63(4), 800–813, doi:10.1111/j.1600-0889.2011.00574.x, 2011.

Istomina, L. G., von Hoyningen-Huene, W., Kokhanovsky, A. A., Schultz, E., and Burrows, J. P.: Remote sensing of aerosols over snow using infrared AATSR observations, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 4, 1133-1145, doi:10.5194/amt-4-1133-2011, 2011.


Palm, M., Melsheimer, C., No¨el, S., Heise, S., Notholt, J., Burrows, J. P., and Schrems, O.: Integrated water vapour above Ny–°Alesund, Spitsbergen: a multi–sensor intercomparison, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1–12, DOI:10.5194/acp-10-1215-2010, 2010a.

Palm, M., Melsheimer, C., No¨el, S., Heise, S., Notholt, J., Burrows, J. P., and Schrems, O.: Integrated water vapour above Ny–°Alesund, Spitsbergen: a multi–sensor intercomparison, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1–12, DOI:10.5194/acp-10-1215-2010, 2010a.

Istomina, L. G., von Hoyningen-Huene, W., Kokhanovsky, A. A., and Burrows, J. P.: The detection of cloud–free snow–covered areas using AATSR measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 1005–1017, doi:10.5194/amt-3-1005- 2010, 2010.

Lüpkes, C., Vihma, T., Jakobson, E., König-Langlo, G., and Tetzlaff, A.: Meteorological observations from ship cruises during summer to the central Arctic: A comparison with reanalysis data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, L09810, doi: 10.1029/2010GL042724, 2010.

Macke, A., Kalisch, J., and Hollmann, R.: Validation of downward surface radiation derived from MSG data by insitu observations over the Atlantic Ocean, Meteorol. Z., 19(2), 155–167, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2010/0433, 2010.


Klein, S. A., and 40 co–authors including Neggers, R. A. J.: Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed–phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed–Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part I: Single layer cloud, Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 135, 979–1002, DOI: 10.1002/qj.416, 2009.

Kauker, F., Kaminski, T., Karcher, M., Giering, R., Gerdes, R. and Voßbeck, M.: Adjoint analysis of the 2007 alltime Arctic sea ice minimum, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi: 10.1029/2008GL036323, 2009.

Rinke, A., Melsheimer, C., Dethloff, K., and Heygster, G.: Arctic total water vapour: Comparison of regional climate simulations with observations and simulated decadal trends, J. Hydrometeorol., 10, 113–129, doi:10.1175/2008JHM970.1, 2009.

Gayet, J.-F., Mioche, G., Dörnbrack, A., Ehrlich, A., Lampert, A., and Wendisch, M.: Microphysical and optical properties of Arctic mixed–phase clouds. The 9 April 2007 case study, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 6581–6595,, 2009.

Ehrlich, A., Wendisch M., Bierwirth, E., Gayet, J.-F., Mioche, G., Lampert, A. and Mayer, B.: Evidence of ice crystalsat cloud top of Arctic boundary–layer mixed–phase clouds derived from airborne remote sensing. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 9401-9416,, 2009

Klein, S. A., McCoy, R., Morrison, H., Ackerman, A., Avramov, A., DeBoer, G., Chen, M., Cole, J., DelGenio, A. D., Falk, M., Foster, M., Fridlind, A., Golaz, J.-C., Hashino, T., Harrington, J., Hoose, C., Khairoutdinov, M., Larson, V., Liu, X., Luo, Y., McFarquhar, G., Menon, S., Neggers, R., Park, S., Poellot, M., Schmidt, J. M., Sednev, I., Shipway, B., Shupe, M. D., Spangenberg, D., Sud, Y., Turner, D. D., Veron, D., von Salzen, K., Walker, G., Wang, Z., Wolf, A., Xie, S., Xu, K.-M., Yang, F. and Zhang, G.: Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed–phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed–Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part I: Single layer cloud. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 135, doi: 10.1002/qj.416, 2009.


Spreen, G., Kaleschke, L., and Heygster, G.: Sea ice remote sensing using AMSR–E 89 GHz channels. J. Geophys. Res., 113, C02S03, doi:10.1029/2005JC003384, 2008.

Dorn, W., Dethloff, K., Rinke, A., and Kurgansky, M.: The recent decline of the Arctic summer sea ice cover in the context of internal climate variability, Open Atmos. Sci. J., 2, 91–100, doi:10.2174/1874282300802010091, 2008.

Brümmer, B., Schröder, D., Müller, G., Spreen, G., Jahnke-Bornemann, A. and Launiainen, J.: Impact of a Fram Strait cyclone on ice edge, drift, divergence and concentration: Possibilities and limits of an observational analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 113, C12003, doi:10.1029/2007JC004149, 2008.

Melsheimer, C., and Heygster, G.: Improved retrieval of total water vapour over polar regions from AMSU–B microwave radiometer data, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 46(8), 2307–2322, doi:10.1109/ TGRS.2008.918013, 2008.

Lüpkes, C., Vihma, T., Birnbaum, G., and Wacker, U.: Influence of leads in sea ice on the temperature of the atmospheric boundary layer during polar night, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L03805, doi:10.1029/2007GL032461, 2008b.

Ehrlich, A., Bierwirth, E., Wendisch, M., Gayet, J.-F., Mioche, G., Lampert, A., and Heintzenberg, J.: Cloud phase identification of Arctic boundary–layer clouds from airborne spectral reflection measurements: Test of three approaches, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 8, 7493–7505,, 2008b.

Ehrlich, A., Wendisch, M., Bierwirth, E., Herber, A. and Schwarzenböck, A.: Ice crystal shape effects on solar radiative properties of Arctic mixed–phase clouds – Dependence on micro–physical properties, Atmos. Res, 88, 266–276, doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2007.11.018, 2008a.


Mech, M., Crewell, S., Meirold-Mautner, I., Prigent, C., and Chaboureau, J.-P.: Information content of millimeter observations for hydrometeor properties in mid–latitudes. IEEE Transactions on Geosci. Remote Sens., 45(7), 2287–2299, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2007.898261, 2007.


Rex, M., Salawitch, R.J., Deckelmann, H., von der Gathen, P., Harris, N., Chipperfield, M. P., Naujokat, B., Reimer, E., Allaart, M., Andersen, S. B., Bevilacqua, R., Braathen, G. O, Claude, H., Davies, J., De Backer, H., Dier, H., Dorokhov, V., Fast, H., Gerding, M., Godin-Beekmann, S., Hoppel, K., Johnson, B., Kyrö, E., Litynska, Z., Moore, D., Nakane, H., Parrondo, M. C., Risley, A. D., Skrivankova, P., Stübi, R., Viatte, P., Yushkov, V., and Zerefos, C.: Arctic winter 2005: Implications for stratospheric ozone loss and climate change, Geophys. Res. Let., 33, L23808, doi:10.1029/2006GL026731, 2006.

Jacobi, H., Kaleschke, L., Richter, A., Rozanov, A., and Burrows, J. P.: Observation of a fast ozone loss in the marginal ice zone of the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 111, D15309, doi:10.1029/2005JD006715, 2006.

Siebert, H., Lehmann, K. and Wendisch, M.: Observations of small scale turbulence and energy dissipation rates in the cloudy boundary layer, J. Atmos. Sci., 63, 1451 –1466, doi:10.1175/JAS3687.1, 2006.