#7 Topic: Ocean Measurements
Lecturer: Monika Rhein
Date: Monday, January 11, 2020 10:00 – 11:00 a.m.

Observations in the ocean are difficult. The instruments have to be resilient against cold, against corrosion, and against high pressures up to 400 – 500 bar. This holds even more so in the partly ice-covered polar ocean, but without observations, we would have no means to evaluate whether ocean and climate models simulate the ocean and the ocean dynamic realistically. To elucidate the multitude of ocean observational methods, I will present in this lecture polar science topics that have been studied with combinations of shipboard and moored measurements.